Malayalam sahithyam Ebooks – Read Malayalam Sahithyam Books exclusively on Malayalam > Literature. Malayalam Sahithyam (sahithyam) Ebooks. Books shelved as malayalam-literature: യക്ഷി | Yakshi by Malayattoor Ramakrishnan, പ്രേമലേഖനം | Premalekhanam by Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. The first published Malayalam short story was Vasana Vikruti and read more about Era of Short Story · Malayalam Drama · Criticism in Malayalam Literature .
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Malayalam literaturebody of writing in the Malayalam language of South India. The earliest extant literary work is Ramacharitam late 12th or early 13th century. In the subsequent period, besides a popular pattu song literaturethere flourished a literature of mainly erotic poetry composed in the Manipravalam style, an admixture of Malayalam and Sanskrit.
In Malayalam the modern movement began in the late 19th century with Asan, who was temperamentally a pessimist—a disposition reinforced by his metaphysics—yet all his life was active in promoting his downtrodden Ezhava community. Ullor wrote in the classical tradition, on the basis of…. The earliest mmalayalam of Malayalam literature are ballads and folk songs, which are entirely indigenous. Two malagalam sources, however, contributed much to the malayalxm of the later literature: Sanskritwhich was the language of scholarship, and Tamilwhich was the language of administration over a long period.
Ramacharitama poem based on the Yuddhakanda of the Ramayanais the most important of the works influenced by Tamil.
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Both in its grammar and its vocabulary it appears to be a mixture of Tamil and Malayalam. Less markedly dependent on Tamil are the works of a family of poets from Niranam in central Travancore who flourished in the late 14th and 15th centuries. The importance of Sanskrit in the development of Malayalam culture lies not only in sahitaym position as a literary source, but also in its influence on the language. Among the many Manipravalam works are sandesa kavyas and campus. The former, modeled on the Meghaduta of Kalidasa c.
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The finest extant work in this form, the Unnunili sandesam sahtyam, was probably written in the 14th century, but the tradition of this type of poem has continued into the modern era.
Campus are elaborate compositions dealing with a given theme in alternating passages of verse and prose. Though it was customary for writers of the Sanskrit school to use Sanskrit metres and figures of speech in their poems, local forms were not forgotten.
Little is known with certainty about his life, though he is generally believed to have been born early in the 16th century. His main compositions, though based on Sanskrit works, show great originality of treatment.
Thus his Adhyatma Ramayanam makes the hero, Rama, sahiytam ideal figure both as man and god, sahihyam his Mahabharatam omits all episodes not strictly relevant to the story of the Pandavas. Kerala is also known as the home of kathakali. In this form of dance drama the actors concentrate on mime and gesture, while others recite or sing the verses. The verses belong to a literary genre known as Attakatha, which has been cultivated since the 15th century and takes most of its themes from the Puranas.
In the 19th century, as a result of the work of Christian missionaries, the uses of prose were greatly extended. The process was accelerated by the production of textbooks for schools. Furthermore, the dissemination of European literature led to attempts at literary composition on Western lines.
Modern Malayalam literature began around the beginning of the 20th century and was influenced by the Western literary forms. Kerala Varma Valiya Koyil Thampuran is regarded as the last of the neo-classicists and the first of the moderns. The historical novel was introduced by C. Raman Pillai, who was later followed by the versatile historian, statesman, and man of letters Kavalam Madhava Panikkar.
Twentieth-century Malayalam fiction achieved a major breakthrough in the s and thereafter. Narratives, particularly after Indian independenceincreasingly concentrated on the life of the ordinary person. Vasudevan Nair and N. Mohanan malayalzm a new voice into prose narrative marked by intense lyricism.
Later fiction has produced important writers like O. VijayanKamala Dasand Anand.
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Fantasy and irony and self-reflexivity dominate their fictional imagination. Dialects have an edge over the standard language in their writings. Literary criticism emerged in the 20th century. Criticism on modernist lines came to the forefront in the writings of C. Sanoo, and Sukumar Azhikode. A new generation of critics entered the scene with theoretical inclinations bordering on postmodernism, and among them are K. Dalit untouchable and feminist perspectives also received attention from later critics.
Before independence the work of poets writing in the various national languages gave impetus to the nationalist movement. The outstanding representative of Malayalam was Vallattol Narayana Menon. Before he turned to patriotic verses, he translated Sanskrit works and wrote a number of poems on Sanskrit models.
Several of his compositions are religious in inspiration and often show a sympathetic understanding of the faiths of others. In his later years he took social justice as his theme, as did many younger poets.
The post-independence era saw a shift toward modernism and postmodernism. Malayala few well-known names are Warrier and Ayyappa Paniker.
Modern drama began with the farces written in the first decade of the 20th century by C.
In the s, however, new trends became visible in drama, espousing social reform through theatre performances. The plays of N. Krishna Pillai and Pulimana Parameswaran Pillai heralded a new movement in serious theatre.
Postmodernist elements in drama surfaced in the works of later writers like Narendra Prasad, Balachandran, and C. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
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Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Malayalam languagemember of the South Dravidian subgroup of the Dravidian language family. Malayalam is spoken mainly in India, where it is the official language of the state of Kerala and the union territory of Lakshadweep.
It is also spoken by bilingual communities in contiguous parts of Karnataka and Tamil…. Indiacountry that occupies the greater part of South Asia. Sanskrit languagefrom Sanskrit: Although Vedic documents represent the dialects then found in the northern midlands of the Sahjtyam subcontinent and areas immediately east thereof, the….
Sanskrit literature malatalam, body of writings produced by the Aryan peoples who entered the Indian subcontinent from the northwest, probably during the 2nd millennium bc. It developed as the vehicle of expression for the Brahmanical society that gradually established itself as the main cultural force throughout the region in the period….
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