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Mahagujarat movementknown as Mahagujarat Andolan locally, was a maahgujarat movement demanding the creation of the state of Gujarat for Gujarati -speaking people from the bilingual Bombay state of India in It succeeded in the formation of Gujarat, as well as the Marathi -speaking Maharashtra state, on 1 May The term Mahagujarat includes all Gujarati speaking area including mainland Gujarat and peninsulas of Saurashtra and Kutch.
During British rule in Indiasections of the western coast of India were the part of the Bombay Presidency. InBombay Presidency was included as a province of British India.
On 17 JuneRajendra Prasad set up the Linguistic Provinces Commission to recommend whether or not the states should be reorganized on a linguistic basis. The commission included S. In its 10 December report, the Commission recommended that “the formation of ancolan on exclusively or even mainly linguistic considerations is not in the larger interests of the Indian nation”.
The Mahagujarat conference was held in to include all Gujarati speaking people under one administration which finally resulted in formation of Gujarat. According to the autobiography of Indulal YagnikBombay state chief minister B.
mahagujarat 52 question in gujarati
Kher and the then home minister Morarji Desai visited Dang in May, Kher stated that tribal people of Dang spoke Marathi and focus should be on that. Indulal Yagnik and others visited Dang to examine this.
Gujarati Sabha also sent a committee for examination and agitate on negligence by government. Potti Sreeramuluandolab of the activists demanding Andhra State, died on 16 December after undertaking a fast-unto-death.
Subsequently, Andhra State was formed in This sparked agitations all over the country demanding linguistic states. The commission reported in to reorganise states of India. SRC considered to form states on linguistic basis but recommended that Bombay state should stay as a bilingual state. The southernmost districts of Bombay state were included in Mysore State. So it had Gujarati-speaking population in north and Marathi-speaking population zndolan southern parts. The situation became complicated because both of them wanted to include Bombay city now Mumbai in their own states due mahavujarat its economic and cosmopolitan values.
Jawaharlal Nehru also suggested to form three states; Maharashtra, Gujarat and centrally governed city-state of Bombay to solve conflict. Protest broke out in Bombay and other Marathi -speaking districts later known as Samyukta Maharashtra Movement demanding separate Marathi state. On 8 August some college students of Ahmedabad went to local Congress House near Lal Darwaza to demand separate state. Morarji Desai did not listen them and police repression resulted in death of five to eight students.
Indulal Yagnik came out of his retirement from politics  and founded Mahagujarat Janata Parishad to guide movement. Many protesters including Indulal Yagnik and Dinkar MehtaDhanvant Shroff were arrested and kept at Gaekwad Haveli in Ahmedabad for a few days and later imprisoned in Sabarmati Central Jail for three and half months.
People did not turned up to support him during fast and stayed in home following self-imposed curfewJanata Curfew. Mahagujarzt before the declaration of carving three states as Nehru suggested, members of Parliament suggested return to bilingual Bombay state together.
There was conflict over Mumbai and Dang which was solved through discussions.
Gandhian activist Ghelubhai Nayak actively lobbied for accession of Dang in Gujarat. President Rajendra PrasadVice-President Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru finally agreed upon the formation of two new lingual states after prolonged agitation. On 1 Maytwo new states, Gujarat and Maharashtra, mahatujarat created. Several leaders associated with the movement were writers, poets and even film-makers.
Mayaa novel by Indulal Yagnik is set during aandolan. Midnight’s Childrena classic by Salman Rushdiewhich won the Booker Prize has a backdrop of both the Mahagujarat movement as well as Samyukta Maharashtra movement.
It has an area ofkm2 with a coastline of 1, km, most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.
Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India, the state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the worlds first seaports, Gujarat was known to the ancient Greeks, and was familiar in other Western centres of civilisation through the end of the European Middle Ages. Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, the Gurjar nation, parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi for centuries before the Mughal period.
Gujarat was one of the centres of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira, the ancient city of Lothal was where Indias first port was established. Mahagukarat ancient city of Dholavira is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, the most recent discovery was Gola Mhaagujarat. Altogether, about 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat, the ancient history of Gujarat was enriched by the commercial activities of its inhabitants.
There is clear evidence of trade and commerce ties with Egypt, Bahrain. The early history of Gujarat reflects the grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya who conquered a number of earlier states in what is now Gujarat. Pushyagupta, a Vaishya, was appointed governor of Saurashtra by the Mauryan regime and he ruled Giringer and built a dam on the Sudarshan lake.
Between the decline of Mauryan power and Adnolan coming under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, in the first half of the 1st century AD there is the story of a merchant of King Gondaphares landing in Gujarat with Apostle Thomas. The incident of the mahagukarat killed by a lion might indicate that the city described is in Gujarat.
Mahagujarat Andolan: Latest News, Videos and Photos of Mahagujarat Andolan | Times of India
For nearly years from the start of the 1st century AD, the weather-beaten rock at Junagadh gives a glimpse of the ruler Rudradaman I of the Saka satraps known as Western Satraps, or Kshatraps. Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I founded the Kardamaka dynasty which ruled from Anupa on the banks of the Narmada up to the Aparanta andoolan which bordered Punjab, in Gujarat several battles were fought between the south Indian Satavahana dynasty and the Western Satraps.
The greatest ruler of the Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni who defeated the Western Satraps, the Kshatrapa dynasty was replaced by the Gupta Empire with the conquest of Gujarat by Chandragupta Vikramaditya. Demonstration protest — Actions such as blockades and sit-ins may also be referred to as demonstrations.
Demonstrations can be nonviolent or violent, or can begin as nonviolent, sometimes riot police or other forms of law enforcement become involved. In some cases this may be in order to try to prevent the protest from taking place at all, in other cases it may be to prevent clashes between rival groups, or to prevent a demonstration from spreading and turning into a riot. Demonstrations are a form of activism, usually taking the form of a gathering of people abdolan a rally or walking in a march.
Thus, the opinion is demonstrated to be significant by gathering in a associated with that opinion. Demonstrations can be used to show a viewpoint regarding a public issue, a demonstration is usually considered more successful if more people participate. There are many types of demonstrations, including a variety of elements and these may include, Marches, in which a parade demonstrate while moving along a set route.
Rallies, in which people gather to listen to speakers or musicians, picketing, in which people surround an area. Nudity, in which they mahagujraat naked – here the antagonist may give in before the demonstration happens to avoid embarrassment, Demonstrations are sometimes spontaneous gatherings, but are also utilized as a tactical choice by sndolan.
They often form part of a campaign of nonviolent resistance. Demonstrations are usually physical gatherings, but virtual or online demonstrations are certainly possible, topics of demonstrations often deal with political, economic, and social issues. Clashes between demonstrators and counter-demonstrators may turn violent, government-organized demonstrations are demonstrations which are organized by a government. The Islamic Republic of Iran, the Peoples Republic of China, Republic of Cuba, sometimes the date or location chosen for mahaghjarat demonstration is of historical or cultural significance, such as the anniversary of some event that is relevant to the topic of the demonstration.
Locations are also chosen because of some relevance to the issue mahagunarat hand. Protest marches and demonstrations are a nonviolent tactic. They are thus one tactic available to proponents of strategic nonviolence, some demonstrations and protests can turn, at least partially, into riots or mob violence against objects such as automobiles and businesses, bystanders and the police. Police and military authorities often use force or less-lethal weapons, such as tasers, rubber bullets, pepper spray.
Sometimes violent situations are caused by the preemptive or offensive use of weapons which can provoke, destabilize. Riot — A riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people. Riots typically involve vandalism and the destruction of property, public or private, the property targeted varies depending on the riot and the inclinations of those involved.
Targets can include shops, cars, restaurants, state-owned institutions, Riots often occur in reaction to a perceived grievance or out of dissent.
While individuals may attempt mahagujarst lead or control a riot, riots typically consist of disorganized groups that are frequently chaotic, however, there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that riots are not irrational, herd-like behavior, but actually follow inverted social norms.
Charles Wilson noted, Spasmodic rises in food prices provoked keelmen on the Tyne to riot intoday, some rioters have an improved understanding of the tactics used by police in riot situations. Manuals for successful rioting are available on the internet, with such as encouraging rioters to get the press involved, as there is more safety. Citizens with video cameras mahagujaraf also have an effect on both rioters and police, dealing with riots is often a difficult task for police forces.
They may use tear ajdolan or CS gas to control rioters, Riot police may use less-than-lethal methods of control, such as shotguns that fire flexible baton rounds to injure or otherwise incapacitate rioters for easier adnolan. A police riot is a term for the disproportionate and unlawful use of force by a group of police against a group of civilians and this term is commonly used to describe a police attack on peaceful civilians, or provoking peaceful civilians into violence.
A prison riot is a wndolan, temporary act of concerted defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners against prison administrators, prison officers and it is often done to express a grievance, force change or attempt escape. In a race riot, race or ethnicity is the key factor, the term had entered the English language in the United States by the s.
Early use of the referred to riots that anrolan often a mob action by members of a majority racial group against people of other perceived races. In a religious riot, the key factor is religion, the rioting mob targets people and properties of a specific religion, or those believed to belong to that religion. Student riots are riots precipitated by students, often in higher education, student riots in the US and Western Europe in the s and the s were often political in nature.
Student riots may occur as a result of oppression of peaceful demonstration or after sporting events. Students may constitute a political force in a given country. Such riots may occur in the context of mahagujarwt or social grievances.
Urban riots are closely associated ajdolan race riots and police riots, sports riots such as the Nika riots can be sparked by the losing or winning of a specific team.
Maharashtra — Four Maharashtra is a state in the zndolan region of India and is Indias second-most populous state and third-largest state by area. It is the wealthiest Indian state and it is also the worlds second-most populous sub-national entity. It has over million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million, Nagpur is Maharashtras second capital as well as its winter capital. Maharashtras business opportunities along with its potential to offer a standard of living attract migrants from all over India.
Ancient and medieval Maharashtra included the empires of the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Mughals, the major rivers of the state are Godavari, and Krishna. The state has several popular Hindu places of pilgrimage including Pandharpur, Dehu and Alandi, other places that attract pilgrims from other parts of India and beyond include Hazur Sahib Gurudwara at Nanded, Sai Baba shrine at Shirdi and Dikshabhumi at Nagpur.
Anodlan industries include chemical products, mahsgujarat and non-electrical machinery, textiles, petroleum, Jai Maharashtra The modern Marathi language developed from the Maharashtri Prakrit, and the word Mahratta is found in the Jain Maharashtri literature.
The terms Maharashtra, Maharashtri, Marathi and Maratha may have derived from the amdolan root, however, their exact etymology is uncertain. But the Marathas as a people mahaujarat not seem to be mentioned before the thirteenth or fourteenth century, the most widely accepted theory among the linguistic scholars is that the words Maratha and Maharashtra ultimately derived from a combination of Maha and rashtrika.