BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. L’estetica (Aesthetica) [Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Aesthetica. by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Publication date Usage Public Domain Mark Topics bub_upload. Publisher Kleyb.

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Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. Baumgarren also holds that the perfection that we perceive in other objects is in some sense communicated to ourselves, although he does not say that our pleasure in the perception of perfection is actually directed at the self-perfection that is thereby caused. Baumgarten’s list of synonyms may be confusing, for it includes both traditional and novel designations of his subject matter.

The real object of pleasure then becomes the activity of one’s own representational state, manifested in the form of sentiment, that is caused by the perfection of the beautiful object. You are commenting using your WordPress. But Mendelssohn vigorously rejected any interpretation of the Wolffian premise according to which the confusion of sensible perception itself could be the source of our pleasure in it.

Above all things, one is to be attentive to the particular, characteristic thoughts in works of art, which sometimes stand like expensive pearls in a string of inferior ones, and can get lost among them. Philosophical Writingsp. But before doing so, we must complete our survey of Mendelssohn’s aesthetics with a comment on his discussion of the sublime. This illustrates his general conception of the force of rules of taste: Once painting and music have been properly distinguished from each other and poetry from both, it becomes clear that poetry, because it uses artificial rather than natural signs, can present both objects and actions to us.

Philosophical science, as rational cognition, grasps the forms and principles by which sensory cognition comes to perfection. Furthermore, all ordinary sensuous pleasures are also momentary: Baumgarten stressed that the moral content of a work of art is only one source of beauty, and that a work of art can be beautiful without any moral grandeur.

Kant and Herder on Baumgarten’s Aesthetica. This might be understood as an early form of debate over how much room there is for the free play of imagination in aesthetic experience.


I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Kindle? The remaining conversations argue that the contemplation of the order bbaumgarten nature proves to us that its existence cannot have been a matter of chance, and that its beauty gives us palpable evidence of the wisdom and benevolence of its creator.

Johann Joachim Winckelmann —the son of a cobbler from Prussia, studied at Halle and Jena, and became a school teacher. Instead, Herder argues that the phenomenon of baumgarrten that Riedel mistakenly characterizes as general quality of disinterestedness in all aesthetic response is a specific feature of the visual perception of beauty, indeed that beauty is properly speaking a property only of the visual.

This section will also include a discussion of the aesthetic theory of Marcus Herz, who was first a student of Kant and then a friend of Mendelssohn, but who developed an aesthetic theory that is in interesting ways independent of both. The arbitrary signs could also be called conventional.

This shift is away from the French classicism represented by Racine and Corneille to the freer forms of Milton and Shakespeare, which in turn lead to the pan-European romanticism of the later eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

Thus far we have considered only Wolff’s most abstract definition of perfection and therefore of beauty, namely that it is the coherence of a manifold insofar aestheticx we can perceive that through the sensation of pleasure.

The emphasis on the imagination seems to have been the central issue in Bodmer and Breitinger’s dispute with Gottsched, which came to a aezthetica in Breitinger’s own Critische Dichtkunstpublished in with a forward by Bodmer.

L’estetica (Aesthetica): Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten: : Books

So the immensity which inspires us with awe must also be interpreted as a manifestation of perfection. Mendelssohn worked within the framework of Wolffian metaphysics and psychology, and thus he accepted the definition of sensible perception as clear but confused cognition. However, and in this regard most unlike the German aestheticians of the next several generations who are so strongly influenced by him in other regards, he has nothing to say about the arts that are typically paradigmatic for those who ground their aesthetics on the notion of truth rather than that of play, namely literature, especially poetry and drama.

And art became, not the important thing it was intended to be, but the empty amusement of idle people. In this section we will consider Herder’s early work in aesthetics, while discussion of his later work will be reserved for section 9.


But Sulzer also recognizes that the emotional power of art means that it can be made into a tool for evil as well as for good, especially in the political arena. Hence every representation, at least in relation to the subject, as an affirmative predicate of the thinking entity, must have something about it that we like. This is the background from which Wolff’s own hints toward aesthetics emerged.

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18th Century German Aesthetics

Herder turns Lessing’s distinction between natural and artificial signs against him, arguing that precisely because poetry uses artificial rather than natural signs its content is in no fundamental way constrained by the natural properties of its signs themselves. The discipline in its modern form is primarily concerned with issues surrounding the creation, interpretation, and ultimate appreciation of works of art, and so it involves how bamgarten experience of such material is mediated through the individual sensitivity of the beholder, and the way the experience of it is shaped through presentation by cultural conventions such as the exhibition and review.


Donna Ladkin – – Journal of Business Ethics 1: Winckelmann’s second point is that the Greek climate and way of life were conducive to the development of art. But he takes this thesis a step further by arguing that it is touch that reveals the true form of objects, while sight merely reveals or plays with their superficial appearance. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Dagmar Mirbach – – Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 20 MorgenstundenLesson VII, p.

These definitions form the basis for a requirement of perfection in the utility of a building. A science of aesthetics would be, for Baumgarten, a deduction of the rules or principles of artistic or natural beauty from individual “taste”.

ArtLark Post author May 27, Very glad that you visited my blog and I found yours! While the meanings of words often change as a result of cultural developments, Baumgarten’s reappraisal of aesthetics is often seen as a key moment in the development of aesthetic philosophy.