14 abr. Dessas turmas uma do APLUC foi aplicado a Bateria de Testes do Vitor da Fonseca e uma do APLUC e uma do I.E.G foi aplicado o KTK. María de los Ángeles Hernández T. Lcda. en Terapia Ocupacional. Máster en Psicomotricidad Batería Psicomotora Vítor Da Fonseca Sustento. Taller “Batería psicomotora (BPM, Vítor Da Fonseca)”, CIAP Centro de Investigación & Atención Psiconeurológica, Edificio Chapultepec.
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The mechanical ventilation influence in the neuropsychomotor learning in scholars from 8 to 10 years old. To verify the influence of the mechanical ventilation on the neuropsychomotor learning the scholar children of 8 until 10 years. Was selected fortuitously 60 scholars between 8 and 10 years. To the spirometry was used a digital spirometer Micro Medical of the Micro Spirometers, that use the Knudson protocols.
In the learning, was used the Vitor da Fonseca psychomotor battery. It separated the scholars in two groups, they breathe well and they breathe badly. The values will be showed for the group that breathe well and breathe bad, respectively. In tonus the average was; 3,33? Do not have significant difference in any one variable between tow groups.
Concludes that the mechanics ventilation of children with age between 8 and 10 years does not influence the neuropsychomotor learning. Selecionou-se randomicamente 60 escolares entre 8 e 10 anos. Dividiu-se os escolares em dois grupos: Los estudiantes fueron divididos en dos grupos: En la tonicidad las medias fueron: No hubo diferencia en ninguna va No hubo diferencia en ninguna variable entre los dos grupos.
In agreement with the education department of the Somona county, California, USA, the twelve beginnings of the cerebral base learning include every physiology, in other words, the child’s physical health; besides the search for meaning is innate, the brain needs what is family to register.
Marion Diamond, american neuroanatomist, demonstrates that the animals that were in rich atmospheres presented larger growth of cerebral cells. Therefore, it is of concluding that children in atmospheres that provide rich experiences, present larger opportunities for us to understand their experiences, that are some of the most promising learning sources.
So there is possibility to explore that adapts, the child needs a perfect neuropsychomotor function that will be possible once they are well physiologically. That neuropsychomotor function, related in full detail to the motor acting, can have a deficient picture due to deficiencies in the breathing control, because it will directly act in the physiology. Therefore, the human breathing has been studied in their anatomical, physiologic and neurological aspects1.
The lung function along the life behaves in specific ways; however, it is interesting to observe that from 6 to 14 years old the referred function has progressive increase due to the influence of the stature and muscular earnings2. It is possible an individual to achieve the adult age with a smaller lung function, due to factors that influenced along his childhood as the passive or active tobacco smoker, or even to be bearer of hyper-responsive bronchitis.
Those breathing disturbances can be classified in restrictive, obstructive, mixed or non-specific. In all of them, the lung functional capacity will be harmed. If that child possesses a decrease in the normal lung function, it is probable that the child has chances of committing the potential for learning and the necessary readiness profile for acquisition of new learnings. The corporal organization and the emotional and motivational components can in many cases to translate in blockades to the normal process of neuropsychomotor development3.
Integrated into that fact, due to recent studies in the neuroscience, there are demonstrations that the brain has capacity to accomplish neuronal plasticity, during the normal development of the organism and that is influenced through outlying stimulation, in other words, in response to the games, stimulations and experiences, the brain exhibits the growth of neuronal connections, what takes to end that educated children in sensory rich atmospheres present better chances of memory and cognition4.
Like this, a child that possesses breathing restrictions, for any reason, is usually deprived of certain sensorial experiences that are of great meaning for the neuronal plasticity. There are people that in spite of they possess normal intelligence and, sometimes even superior, they have a motive performance that gets the attention.
They are many times called clumsy. Their movements are slow and not coordinated; they are little skilled in the accomplishment of the daily life activities; they have difficulties related to the right and left knowledge; they frequently present tension in muscles of superior members and scapular waist; their writing comes with irregular picomotora and sometimes illegible. We are speaking about individuals that possess a psychomotor disturbance.
Nevertheless, what saying about these people’s breathing? Those people with alteration of psychomotor order present short breathing cycles with superior prevalence, oro — facial musculature alteration psickmotora to the inability in the mastication and swallowing fonsrca, predominantly buccal breathing, causeless obstructive of superior psicomtora ways.
The psicomitora breathing takes to the bad cerebral oxygenation and, consequently, low school performance. Frequently, we also observed motive agitation and behavior alteration. Due to this picture, the health and education professionals, that come across a bateriaa of times with these individuals labeled by the society as awkward, they should be attentive in acting in a global way so that it is possible to do the right orientation4.
For Fonseca, “the body and the brain are inextricably integrated by neural and biochemical circuits reciprocally driven to each other. Any factor that causes a decrease in the cerebral oxygenation can provoke physical and psychic damages, more serious cases as asphyxia or intoxication cause irreversible damages to the cerebral psiclmotora neuronal operation5,6.
Some reported cases of buccal respirators, demonstrate that even not having an obstruction of the superior aerial ways, present low school performance, motive agitation and behavior alteration, the breathing capacity is committed and, consequently, the oxygenation5.
The buccal respirators, due to breathing disturbances, present difficulties in the knowledge acquisitions, mainly in the early years of the school formation. It is said that to mouth breathe is not a disease, but needs to be treated, batteria the child can present difficulties in the development. That child sleeps bad, is always tired and presents difficulty in the physical activities.
They present spirometric differences in relation to the nasal respirators, what provokes a mechanical ventilatory and lung function disadvantages7,8,9. The sample was formed by 60 school students with ages between 8 and 10 years, of both sexes.
The students were randomly raffled in public schools of the Rio de Janeiro state. The exclusion criteria for participation of the research were to present apparent psychiatric and or motors disturbances.
A digital spirometer apparel was used, of the mark: Micro Medical Micro Spirometers, that uses as protocol the Knudson’s spirometric patterns. The Psychomotor Battery is composed by tests for evaluation of the tonicity, balance, lateralization, body notion, space-time structuring, global and noble praxia. In the spirometry test, the child was instructed to not use tight clothes, was standing for the test, the mouthpiece of the spirometer was positioned so that the chin was elevated and the neck prolonged.
The nasal staple was put, and the child well educated to inspire the maximum and to blow in the mouthpiece, strong, fast and completely inside of the spirometer.
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The obtained data are compared with the table of age and ideal values, enclosed, in the apparel. The psychomotor battery was accomplished in a covered court, individually with each child.
Being those classified in agreement with the punctuation scale in: The results are presented in graphs and demonstrations of descriptive statistics for which instrumental advisors will be used for deviations and variations between the groups. The “t” Student test is used for samples in pair. The values are expressed as mean and standard error of the mean. The illustration I demonstrate the mean values for tonicity. The group that breathes well presented xa of 3,33? Significant statistical alteration was not observed.
In the balance parameter was evaluated: In that study, the means obtained in the balance tests for the two psicomptora was of 3,13? For evaluation of the body notion, it is observed the kinesthetic sense, the right and left recognition, self-image facegestures imitation and body drawing.
bateria Vitor da Fonseca original
However, was the following mean values for the children that breathe well and breathe bad, respectively: Not occurring significant statistical difference between the groups as observed in the illustration 4.
However, during the tests the children that breathes well obtained little better scores than the children that breathe bad, with exception in the right and left recognition.
To evaluate the global praxia, was researched the ocular-manual coordination, ocular-podal coordination, dysmetry, dissociation of the superior and inferior members, besides the agility. The illustration 6 illustrates psicomotota result of the children’s that breathe well: The mean of the ages in both groups is from 8 to 10 years. The objective of the battery of tests is to evaluate the integrative sensorial functions as well as motive and perceptive functions and space abilities.
The impact of the motor deficits is observed in the functional abilities It was waited that the child that doesn’t breathe inside of the appropriate patterns for the age presented the weak tonus hypotonia or exaggerating tension hypertoniadeficiency in the balance, in the lateralization, in the body notion, in the time space structuring, mainly in the global motive coordination and in the noble motive coordination.
However, it was observed that the means of those that breathes inside of the spirometric patterns of Knudson breathe well are higher than those don’t breathe inside of the spirometric patterns of Knudson breathe bad. In that study, so much the children that breathe well as the ones that breathe bad presented means between the groups without statistical differences, although, if we observe in the graph, although low, the ones that breathe well presented better means than the ones that breathe bad.
However, during the tests, the children that breathe well obtained a little better scores than the children that breathe bad, with exception in the right and left recognition. Even not occurring statistical relevance, the children that present total lung capacity inside of the parameters spirometric of Knudson showed better means than the ones that come below the spirometric patterns of Knudson.
Was observed in the statistical results, that the data corroborate the studies of Pain et al, which say that even not occurring statistical relevance, falls to the teachers of any modality to be worried with the development, not only of physical and technical aspects, but also with their students’ cognitive, social and passion aspects. The teacher possesses the commitment of working their students in the different aspects of their development, between them the intelligence, mainly the corporal-kinesthetic The different phases of the motor development have great importance, because collaborate for the progressive organization of the other areas, as the intelligence, what shows that the importance of an appropriate motor development is in the intimate relationship of this condition with the cognitive development and the cognition is understood as an interaction with the environment, referring to people and objects Besides, the psychomotor development includes the functional development of the whole body and its parts and usually this development is divided in psychomotor factors, that are 7: The well-structured organism is the base for the learning, consequently, the organic deficiencies can condition or to hinder that process.
The learning always includes the body, because it includes the pleasure, and this is in the body, which without, the pleasure disappears.
That body’s participation in the learning process occurs for the action mainly in the first years and for the representation. The organism constitutes the neurophysiologic infrastructure of all of the coordinations, and that turns possible the memorization.
Batería Psicomotora by Maria de los Angeles Hernandez Torres on Prezi
Therefore, an ill or deficient organism can harm the learning in the measure that affects the body, the desire, the intelligence The tests that are part of a psychomotor battery are useful to detect, vitot a very small error margin, the growth pattern and of human motor behavior.
However it is evident that qualitative aspects of the intellectual and functional functions of the human organism still inaccessible.
The battery of tests evaluates the child on all angles, and those tests vary in agreement spicomotora the age, education, sex, half and life Usually the evaluation techniques have been in its largest part developed for children with moderate or serious neurological compromising. Are evaluated areas, as: Each one of those interrelated functions is an evaluation area. However, a child’s motive dysfunction with learning disturbances can be subtle, then the vateria of larger care with the normative tests Rosa Neto, evokes that the development can be considered a process which the people, starting from the available structures in every moment, appropriate of the culture of the social group inside of which are submerged.
Understands, then, the learning as a process of individual construction through which is made a personal and only interpretation of such culture. Therefore, to learn does not mean to do an internal interpretation and representation of the reality or external information, but to do a personal interpretation and representation of such reality.
This does with that the learning process is unique and “could not be repeated” in each case Researchers interested in the brain’s functions have been having new unprecedented opportunities to examine the neurobiological correlation of the human behavior, significantly contributing to the development of the cognitive neuroscience, a research field that combines the experimental strategies of the psychology with several techniques that examine how the cerebral function sustains the mental activities.