Download Capriccio in B-flat major, BWV by Johann Sebastian Bach for free from These scholarly notes present an interpretive analysis of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Capriccio on the Absence of the Beloved Brother, BWV (ca. ). TIDAL is the first music service with High Fidelity sound quality, High Quality music videos and Curated Editorial, expertly crafted by music journalists.

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Aria of the postilion.

Fugue in Imitation of the Post horn. Johann Sebastian Bach’s Capriccio on the Departure of a Beloved Brother is the only surviving instrumental piece written by the great composer which is programmatic – it has a story attached to it.

The piece was written while Bach was still a teenager. At that time he was already an orphan and was expected to earn a living. It is commonly thought that the piece was composed in for the departure bv one of Bach’s older brothers – Johan Jacob – to work in the orchestra of the Swedish king. The model for this piece however would have been Johann Kuhnau who wrote six sonatas written on Biblical narratives, with literal descriptive figures.

Scholarly Notes to Accompany a Compact | ERA

The six movements of the piece outline the story: The large number of cadences in the home key of B-flat Major, suggest a reluctance to let go. In the second movement, his friends warn him of the dangers that may befall bahc.


The key has abruptly shifted to g minor and this highly ornamented Fugue loses itself in remote keys with astonishing speed.

The theme entrances keep piling up till the sudden end. In the third movement, the Friends’ lament is literally conveyed through a series of sighing motifs as well as descending melodic lines. A seemingly repeated bass line gives abch impression bacg a Passacaglia. In this movement the performer should add harmonic texture to the score which is only furnished with a figured bass and sporadic melody. The key is f minor.

The fourth movement, which is also the shortest in the cycle, offers the turning point.

The friends now bid a joyous farewell and the mood changes from melancholy to gaiety. In the fifth movement the postal carriage arrives blowing its horn.

This is enunciated in the music by a downward leaping octave figure. Then comes the last and most elaborate movement-the Fugue in Imitation of the Postilion. This is one of Bach’s earliest known Fugues. Baxh that everyone has left and the composer 9922 alone, he is writing what is the only thoroughly worked out piece in the whole Capriccio-a Double Fugue.

Bach takes the horn call from the previous movement and turns it into the countersubject for a trumpet-like main theme.


Capriccio on the departure of a beloved brother – Wikipedia

However it comes with such regularity and independence that we can regard it as another theme. A third counterpoint is added and grows together with the two other themes. The three musical ideas reach a climactic point when it seems like an entire orchestra is now in full swing, and we hear the horn calls coming from all sides. The piece then ends triumphantly in its home key of B-flat Major.

Courtesy of International Music Foundation.

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I thought it a work of his old age but the maturity of the teenage composer is beyond belief! It is our pleasure to be your virtual concert hall and bring you this performance.

Aria of the postilion VI. Johann Sebastian Bach Brandenburg concerto no. Performances by same musician s Johannes Brahms Bac in b minor, Op.

Robert Schumann Du bist wie eine Blume, Op. Robert Schumann Liebeslied, Op. Johannes Brahms Scherzo for piano in e-flat minor, Op. Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Trio No.

Avner Dorman Piano Sonata no.