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This rule tells us how we should classify the things that come from plants. Thus, we have a large arrangement of different rules that we must try to understand.
A summary in words The Ashtadhyayi is a list of rules. This sort of rule specifies an idea that extends to the rules that follow it. Tomatoes are treated like vegetables.
Index:The Ashtadhyayi, Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu.djvu
A short example For illustration’s sake, I’ve created an example. Likewise, but not turnips is meaningless without a proper context. The various rules I’ve listed the rules here from the most concrete to the most abstract.
We add the property of “vegetable” to the tomato. For illustration’s sake, I’ve created an example.
Unless otherwise stated, assume that everything that comes from a plant is food. Such a rule sometimes specifies how far it extends, but usually its extension is clear from context.
I’ve listed the rules here from the most concrete to the most trahslation. It specifically states an intuitive concept that we should apply to other objects from plants.
This rule defines the term “fruit” as a food that contains seeds. It can describe such things as word formation, the application of sandhi, and so on. His work is not something you can understand by reading it through from beginning fnglish end. In this way, Panini created a brief and immensely dense work.
We must understand, however, that the Ashtadhyayi was originally taught orally; students learned the work by heart and could recall any individual rule at will. Rather, it essentially assumes that you’ve read some of it before you’ve ever started reading. This page was last edited on July 20, This sort of rule doesn’t address other rules: This rule tells us that all of the rules that follow are talking about food.
As you might have realized, Panini is difficult. As you read the list below, try to classify each rule with one of the terms above.
The Ashtadhyayi. Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu
The Ashtadhyayi is a list of rules. Now we talk about food.
This example is not perfect, but it should help you see how these translatioj interact and relate to each other. Throughout this series of lessons, I will use the Sanskrit terms. In the same way, some rules in the Ashtadhyayi are meaningless if separated from the rules above ashhadhyayi. Index Grammar guide Resources Tools. About Contact Preferences Using the Site.
By doing so, we’ll learn about both the concrete realization of Panini’s system and the abstract framework that supports it. But these rules, too, are lists: This sort of rule contradicts an earlier vidhi rule.